Baharat is a Middle Eastern spice blend used throughout the Middle East and the Mediterranean region. This Baharat recipe is similar to Indian Garam Masala or Biryani Spice. It is made with an array of aromatic spices that are sure to enhance your dishes!
Although you can purchase Baharat pre-made, there's nothing like making it yourself. For best results, be sure to use fresh spices when making this Baharat Seasoning.
How to Make Baharat
If you have the time, and patience, an even better option for making Baharat Spice Blend is to use fresh seeds and spices. Start by toasting the seeds to bring out their flavors.
STEP 1: Add black peppercorns, cumin seeds, cardamom pods, allspice berries, coriander seeds, whole cloves, whole nutmeg, chili peppers, and cinnamon stick to a hot c
STEP 2: Toast until aromatic. Allow spices to cool before handling. Remove nutmeg, and grate separately.
STEP 3: Grind the remaining spices in batches using a spice or coffee grinder.
STEP 4: Mix all the spices together and store in an airtight container.
Recipe FAQs and Expert Tips
The Turkish word "Baharat" means "spices." Additionally, it is also referred to as "Middle Eastern 7 spice."
There are no two Baharat recipes that are exactly the same. Everyone seems to have their own spice blend. However, there are some spices that are almost always found in most Baharat recipes.
Let's look at the usual Baharat recipe ingredients, along with some optional ones.
Main Baharat recipe Ingredients
Additional Baharat Ingredients
Since Baharat is a blend of many spices, it's hard to pick just one spice to replace it. However, a similar spice, known as "Ras el hanout," would be a great substitute.
"Ras el hanout" in Arabic means "heap of the shop." This is to imply that the spice includes the best spices the shop has to offer.
Ras el hanout
usually contains the same spices as Baharat, along with ginger, mace, and fenugreek.
You can also use my Biryani Spice recipe, which has a lot of the same spices.
Another option is to use any of the following spices that you have on hand: black pepper, allspice, paprika, coriander, cumin, cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, cloves, and chili.
However, make sure you keep the same proportions used in this recipe. If you're making a batch, make note of the spices omitted, so that you can purchase and add them to the Baharat spice mix at a later time.
I actually had this conversation, or should I say, an argument, with one of my sisters once. My sister, who will remain anonymous, actually insisted that Baharat and Allspice were the same.
What my dear sister was not aware of is that Allspice is actually the name of a berry, and doesn't mean "all-spice" as in "a mixture of all spices."
To prove that I was right, I had to bring home an allspice berry to prove my point.
Furthermore, I have been asked if Allspice and Five Spice are the same. Again, the answer would be "no." As already mentioned Allspice is a berry and not a spice combination.
Ways to use this Baharat spice mix
Baharat can be used to season meat, chicken, and fish. It is also used to flavor soups and stews. However, my favorite way to use it is in Chicken Biryani (Spicy yellow rice, loaded with shredded chicken, meatballs, potatoes, and onions).
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Middle Eastern Baharat Spice Blend
- 1 tablespoon black pepper
- 1 tablespoon cumin
- 1 tablespoon coriander
- 1 tablespoon paprika
- 1 tablespoon allspice
- 1½ teaspoon cinnamon
- 1½ teaspoon cardamom
- 1 teaspoon cloves
- 1 teaspoon nutmeg
- ½ to 1 teaspoon cayenne or chili powder
- Add black peppercorns, cumin seeds, cardamom pods, allspice berries, coriander seeds, whole cloves, whole nutmeg, chili peppers, and cinnamon stick to a hot cast-iron pan.
- Toast until aromatic. Allow spices to cool before handling. Remove nutmeg, and grate separately.
- Grind the remaining spices in batches using a spice or coffee grinder.
- Mix all the spices together and store in an airtight container.